Philosopher and bioethicist Paul Menzel of Pacific Lutheran University surveys several different arguments in favor of the idea of a moral right to healthcare. Menzel suggests that although we have not enacted a legal right to healthcare in the United States, contemporary American society broadly accepts the idea of a moral right to healthcare. He describes the doctrine of Just Sharing, which holds that "financial burdens of medical misfortune ought to be shared by well and ill alike unless the ill created their own burdens by their own choices." Turning to policy design, Menzel argues that to achieve universal healthcare, a society must either make the purchase of insurance mandatory or fund healthcare through mandatory taxation. This, he says, makes setting limits on basic care all the more important. Menzel briefly touches on the special case of children, arguing that children's right of universal access to basic care is as strong or stronger than the general right.
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