Doug Diekema of Seattle Children's Hospital explores the question of whether there is a moral obligation to provide healthcare to all children. Diekema separates the issue into three main questions: 1) Do children have a valid claim to healthcare? 2) If so, whose responsibility is it to assure that they receive the care? 3) Are there limits? He says that it is difficult to argue for the idea of a right to healthcare based on justice or fairness. Rather, it is easier to argue from a position of beneficence. Diekema offers the Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA) as an example of a shared claim to healthcare that cannot be refused. He argues there is some obligation to provide healthcare, that it should be paid for communally, and that a minimum level of care needs to be set. Diekema's message to people on both sides of the debate, however, is that "[people] need to own up to the consequences of whichever side [they] believe."

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